Mr. James S. Kalbus

CORPORATE SECRETARY / SENIOR CONSULTANT - ENGINEERING

Mr. Kalbus is a petroleum engineer with over 30 years of experience conducting reservoir simulation studies. His responsibilities have included all aspects of reservoir studies including classical data analysis, special core studies, geostatistical modeling, numerical modeling, and optimization of field development. Geographic areas of expertise include Mexico, Middle East, China, Indonesia, Columbia, Venezuela, and the United States. He has special expertise in special core analysis, PVT analysis, and naturally fractured, vuggy carbonate reservoirs.

PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE

1999 to Present . Senior Consultant, International Reservoir Technologies, Inc., Lakewood, Colorado

Responsibilities include managing and participating in integrated reservoir simulation studies in conventional, dual porosity, and tight gas reservoirs. Recent areas of expertise include projects conducted for BP in Alaska. Simulation models were created and evaluated for 3 major reservoirs having depositional environments ranging from fractured carbonates to fluivial and deltaic systems using either black oil or composition models. Prior to Alaska, simulation models were constructed and history matched for 5 major black oil reservoirs in north Kuwait. Prior to Kuwait simulation projects, 4 projects were completed for PDVSA in the Lake Maracaibo area of Venezuela. Simulation models were constructed for 4 major blocks/fields in the highly faulted areas along the VLE400 fault. These projects were a mix of black oil and compositional models. Along with compositional modeling, WAG projects were investigated at the core, pilot, and field scales.



Recent tight gas experience includes simulation studies for the following fields: Jonah field in Wyoming, Lance formation; Uinta field in Utah, Wasatch and Mesaverde formation; Pinedale field in Wyoming, Lance formation; Gibraltar field in Columbia, Mirador formation.


1991 to 1999 - Sr. Petroleum Engineer, GeoQuest / Schlumberger Reservoir Technologies (formerly INTERA), Denver, Colorado

Primary responsibility was to conduct integrated reservoir simulation studies in black oil and gas reservoirs. Simulation studies were conducted for multiple naturally-fractured vuggy carbonate reservoirs located in the Bay of Campeche, Mexico; sandstone and carbonate reservoirs in Kuwait; sandstone reservoirs in China and Indonesia; and gas storage projects in United States. Additional responsibilities included conducting training courses for industry and in-house clients in reservoir simulation and software use.

Areas of special expertise include numerical well testing in fractured reservoirs, special core analysis in vuggy carbonates, and methods for numerical simulation of triple porosity reservoirs. 


1990 to 1994 . Research Assistant, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado

Developed new experimental techniques and data reduction procedures for determining relative permeability relationships in ultra low permeability formations. Developed new experimental method for forming natural gas hydrates, which facilitated identification of kinetic inhibitors that delay or stop hydrate formation. Teaching assistant for PVT and rock properties laboratories.


1983 to 1986 . Instructor and Research Assistant, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology

Engineering Dynamics and Statics Instructor. Constructed drilling simulator and hybrid computer systems for reservoir simulation.


EDUCATION

On hold: Ph.D., Petroleum Engineering, Colorado School of Mines, additional 6 months to 1 year of additional work required to complete.

Thesis topic: developing new experimental and data reduction procedures for determining relative permeability relationships in ultra low permeability formations.



M.S., Petroleum Engineering, Colorado School of Mines, 1994.
Thesis topic: inhibition of natural gas hydrate formation.



B.S., Petroleum Engineering, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, 1983.


SOFTWARE EXPERIENCE

Special expertise

ECLIPSE suite of software

VIP suite of software

RMS and PETREL geocellular modeling software

PROSPER vertical flow performance software

VRAPA variable rate and pressure analysis

PIE and PAN well testing software

Microsoft products: Excel, Word, PowerPoint, Front Page, and Access


PUBLICATIONS

Gurpinar, O., Kalbus, J.S., and List, D.: .Numerical Modeling of a Large, Naturally Fractured Oil Complex., SPE59061, Richardson, TX: Society of Petroleum Engineers; 2000.



Gurpinar, O., Kalbus, J.S., and List, D.: .Numerical Modeling of a Triple Porosity Reservoir., SPE57277, Richardson, TX, Society of Petroleum Engineers; 1999.



Christiansen, R.L., Kalbus, J.S., and Howarth, S.M.: .Evaluation Methods for Measuring Relative Permeability of Anhydrite from the Salado Formation: Sensitivity Analysis and Data Reduction., SAND94-1346, Albuquerque, NM: Sandia National Laboratories; 1997.



Kalbus, J.S., Christiansen, R.L.: .New Data Reduction Developments for Relative Permeability Determination., SPE30799, Richardson, TX: Society of Petroleum Engineers; 1995.



Kalbus, J.S., Sloan, E.D., and Christiansen, R.L.: .Identifying Inhibitors of Hydrate Formation Rate with Viscometric Experiments., SPE 30642, Richardson, TX: Society of Petroleum Engineers; 1995.




STUDIES

JIM S. KALBUS



Reservoir Engineering Studies Performed

Client Location Description
Kuwait Oil Company Sabiriyah field Zubair and Ratawi reservoirs Kuwait Integrated study of north Kuwait field comprised of stacked fluvial / deltaic systems 

British Petroleum Schrader Bluff Formation Orion and Polaris Prudhoe Bay Alaska History match and predictions for low temperature viscous oil reservoirs 

British Petroleum Lisburne Formation Prudhoe Bay Alaska History match and prediction support for fracture carbonate reservoir with extensive gas injection program 

British Petroleum Endicott Unit Alaska History match and predictions for clastic reservoir with extensive gas and water injection program. 

British Petroleum Sag River Formation Prudhoe
Bay Alaska Compositional parametric study to evaluate gas and water injection using different horizontal well configurations.

BP/ Kuwait Oil Company Raudhatain and Sabriyah
Mauddud reservoirs Kuwait Integrated study of north Kuwait carbonate with extensive thief zone development. Full field model incorporated dual porosity and dual permeability.

BP/ Kuwait Oil Company Ratqa field, Zubair formation
Kuwait Integrated study of southern tip of Iraq.s giant Rumalia field. Fluvial / deltaic stacked reservoirs.

BP/ Kuwait Oil Company Abdali field, Zubair formation
Kuwait Integrated study of north Kuwait field comprised of stacked fluvial / deltaic systems.

BP/ Kuwait Oil Company Raudhatain field Lower
Burgan reservoir Kuwait Integrated study of North Kuwait clastic reservoir 

BP/ Kuwait Oil Company Sabiriyah field Lower Burgan,
reservoir Kuwait Integrated study of North Kuwait clastic reservoir 

BP/ Kuwait Oil Company Raudhatain field Zubair
reservoir Kuwait Integrated study of north Kuwait field comprised of stacked fluvial / deltaic systems

Cepsa RKF Field Algeria History match and prediction support

CNG / Texas Eastern Westmoreland County,
Pennsylvania History match and predictions to assess gas storage losses.

Ecopetrol Colombia Gibraltar Field History match and predictions of new gas field and perform large uncertainty study of deliverability and gas in-place.

EnCana Jonah field Lance and
Mesaverde formation,
Wyoming History match and predictions for ultra tight gas reservoir to determine optimal well spacing

Kuwait Oil Company Raudhatain and Sabriyah Fields, Mauddud, Upper
Burgan, and Lower Burgan
formations North Kuwait
 Integrated study to assess reservoir damage and fluid loss associated with Gulf War blowouts

PDVSA VLE305 Reservoir Lake
Maracaibo, Venezuela History match and predictions for clastic reservoir with extensive gas and water injection program including WAG pilot

PDVSA Block 6 Reservoir Lake
Maracaibo, Venezuela Integrated study of clastic reservoir in the flower structure formed along the VLE460 fault

PDVSA VLE196 Reservoir Lake
Maracaibo, Venezuela Integrated study of clastic reservoir in the flower structure formed along the VLE460 fault

PDVSA Block 5C Reservoir Lake
Maracaibo, Venezuela Integrated study of clastic reservoir in the flower structure formed along the VLE460 fault

PEMEX Abakatun, Pol, Chuc
reservoirs Mexico Dual porosity history match and predictions for offshore field complex in a vuggy, extensive fractured carbonate

PEMEX Samaria / Iride reservoirs
Mexico
 Simulation study for fractured carbonate 

PEMEX Taratunich reservoir offshore
Mexico
 Simulation study for fracture carbonate with extensive asphaltene issues

PEMEX Cantarell Reservoir Offshore
Mexico Well test analysis in vuggy, fractured carbonate and mentoring support for Pemex engineer

Questar Pinedale anticline Lance and
Mesaverde formation,
Wyoming History match and predictions for ultra tight gas reservoir to determine optimal well spacing

Questar Uinta field Wasatch and
Mesaverde formation, Utah History match and predictions for tight gas reservoir to determine optimal well spacing