Dr. Wayne P. Kraus

SENIOR ASSOCIATE CONSULTANT - ENGINEERING

Dr. Kraus is a petroleum engineer with over 30 years of experience conducting research, model development, reservoir management, and reservoir simulation studies. His responsibilities have included all aspects of simulation studies from data gathering, data preparation, model construction, model calibration, and optimization of field development. He has reservoir engineering experience with conventional oil fields, waterfloods, EOR processes, gas condensate reservoirs, and gas reservoirs in both domestic and overseas fields. Geographic areas of expertise include Canada, China, Argentina, Alaska, and the United States. He has special expertise in hot waterflooding, cyclic steam stimulation, steamflooding, CDD (Combined Drive & Drainage), SAGD, "foamy oil" recovery, and insitu combustion flooding (with or without water injection COFCAW) of heavy oil reservoirs.

PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE

2000 to Present - Independent Contractor Consulting

Provides contract reservoir engineering consultation to the oil and gas industry in both conventional and EOR areas using a variety of simulation tools including, VIP, Eclipse, THERM, and STARS. Performs integrated reservoir engineering studies designed to optimize and manage reservoir performance, including all aspects from planning, to execution, data acquisition, and presentation of the final results. Recent consulting studies have included waterflooding in Alaska, thermal heavy oil recovery in Canada, and tight gas in Argentina.



Provided contract reservoir engineering consultation to Marathon Canada for the South Bolney Thermal Recovery project in Saskatchewan.



Major Achievements:

  • History match typical patterns in the field to develop a reservoir description for the South Bolney Field.
  • Optimize performance of existing well configuration patterns.
  • Develop strategy for future development of the thermal project.

1999 to 2000 - Colorado Computer Center

Completed an intensive rapid pace course of studies in preparation for MCSE (Microsoft Certified Systems Engineer) certification.


1997 to 1999 - Consulting Reservoir Engineer, British Petroleum Exploration.

Duties included reservoir engineering consulting in multidisciplinary reservoir exploitation teams developing BPX properties worldwide. His roles and responsibilities included; (a) mentoring and training new engineers joining BPX; (b) directing and developing programs to exploit BPX viscous oil reservoirs, worldwide; and (c) proficient use of both Landmark and Eclipse simulation and reservoir description tools.



Major Achievements:

  • Waterflood history match and full field modeling for Schrader Bluff Formation of the Milne Point Unit in Alaska's Western North Slope. 
  • Developed commercial waterflood design for S-Pad expansion for Schrader Bluff Formation of the Milne Point Unit in Alaska's Western North Slope.

1993 to 1997 - Assistant Director for Heavy Oils Research, AMOCO Canada Petroleum, Ltd.

Duties included reservoir engineering consulting in multidisciplinary reservoir exploitation teams developing several major oil sand properties in Alberta. Mentoring & training new engineers in thermal recovery methods and proper use of thermal simulators like SSI's THERMTM and CMG's STARSTM.



Managing and directing a $400,000 budget of joint industry sponsored thermal recovery research projects at various government and private research institutes and at universities both in Canada and the United States. He also managed and conducted a number of internal research initiatives within the heavy oil business unit in Calgary.



Major Achievements:

  • Developed & implemented method to simulate horizontal wells in 3-D Generalized Compositional Model.
  • Developed computationally efficient, platform portable, modular simulation computer code for 3-D Black Oil Model, 3-D, 3 Phase Generalized Compositional Model, 2-D Coning Model.
  • Developed method to improve reservoir sweep and gas flooding through the use of horizontal wells.
  • Developed and taught Reservoir Simulation School for Amoco engineers.
  • Developed and taught special waterflood school for engineers from the People's Republic of China.
  • Consulted in both planning and execution of many major modeling studies of critical domestic and international fields.
  • Developed compaction model for soft chalk formation for major North Sea reservoir.
  • Developed special fluid property technique for simulation of volatile oil reservoirs.
  • Developed strategy and technique for liquids recovery with dry gas reinjection in major rich gas condensate reservoir.

1977 to 1979 - Senior Research Engineer, Fluid Properties and Plant Processing and Facilities Group, AMOCO Production Research

Duties included computer aided process simulator enhancement, model user support and training for purchased process design simulators. These included ChemShare and ASPEN process simulators and the HTRI (Heat Transfer Research Institute) heat exchanger design programs.



Major Achievements:

  • Developed facilities cost estimating programs which interfaced with process, simulators then used in Amoco which developed detailed plant cost estimates from plant material and energy balances.
  • Developed computationally efficient, modular process simulation computer code for petrochemical plant unit operations.
  • Developed an interactive BWRS equation state computer code to evaluate a full suite of thermodynamic and transport properties and to design typical unit operations such as heat exchangers, flash vessels, compressors, cryogenic expanders, etc.
  • Developed and taught process simulation school for Amoco engineers.

1975 to 1977 - Research Engineer, E&P Research Group, Phillips Petroleum Company Research and Development Division

Duties included reservoir simulator development and testing for micellar flooding EOR and thermal recovery processes, and a simulator to mode in-situ uranium leaching to produce yellow cake.



Major Achievements:

  • Developed model to optimize production of yellow cake through in-situ uranium leaching. 
  • Developed a thermal simulator to optimize production of heavy oils through cyclic steam and/or hot water injection and in-situ combustion (fire flooding) with or without water injection (COFCAW process).

1974 to 1975 - Research Engineer, Refinery Processes, Phillips Petroleum Company Research and Development Division

Duties included design, construction and operation of a pilot plant to develop or improve refinery process.



Major Achievements:

  • Developed a new low temperature HF alkylation process to produce isooctane by low temperature alkylation of butylenes using a HF catalyst.
  • Three United States patents were issued for the new low temperature HF alkylation process.

1972 to 1974 Research Engineer, Mathematical and Statistical Group, Phillips Petroleum Company Research and Development Division

Duties included developing mathematical models of new refinery processes and developing experimental design for pilot plants to study refinery processes. Chemical reaction kinetic models for several catalytic reactions were developed from experimental pilot plant data using a variety of optimization techniques.



Major Achievements:

  • Selected most cost effective catalyst for a refinery isomerization processing unit.
  • Established chemical kinetic model for catalytic isomerization process.
  • Benchtop and pilot plant data were scaled up to design the commercial refinery isomerization unit.